Salerno is a modern industrial port that has grown in size since World War II. It is the site of the Allied landing of September 1943. The Sicilian-Norman style cathedral in the old town centre is certainly worth a visit. The cathedral has magnificent bronze doors, a pulpit with Romanesque capitals and mosaics, and there is the tomb of Pope Gregory VII. Parts of the magnificent 11th century cloisters are on display in the nearby museum. The visit can be combined with Paestum or Velia.
Salerno is about an hour's drive south of Naples. In medieval times Salerno was the world capital of medicine; the Monastery of the Benedictine monks, who probably founded its medical school, offered the best education then available. One of the most famous medical texts was the "Regimen Sanitas Salerni," written in Latin and translated into all European languages. Cathedral visit. To the east of Salerno, after Pontecagnano, Battipaglia and Eboli, is Paestum. Free time for lunch on arrival. Here you will see some of the best preserved Greek ruins, architecture and monuments, such as the Temple of Poseidon (Neptune), the Basilica dating from the 6th Century, which was really a temple dedicated to the main goddess of Paestum. In the museum you can admire the Tomb of the Diver, a magnificent example of Greek painting, representing a funeral banquet.
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