Paestum was founded in about 600 BC by the Greeks and was named Poseidon. The town’s heyday was the 6th to 5th century BC, when the three most important temples were built, two dedicated to Hera, and the so called Ceres Temple, dedicated to Athena. The Poseidon Temple is considered to be one of the three best examples in Europe. There is also an excellent modern museum that houses the famous “Tomb of the Diver”, a unique painting dating back to 500 BC. The Paestum visit can be combined with Salerno or Velia.
Salerno is about an hour's drive south of Naples. In medieval times Salerno was the world capital of medicine; the Monastery of the Benedictine monks, who probably founded its medical school, offered the best education then available. One of the most famous medical texts was the "Regimen Sanitas Salerni," written in Latin and translated into all European languages. Cathedral visit. To the east of Salerno, after Pontecagnano, Battipaglia and Eboli, is Paestum. Free time for lunch on arrival. Here you will see some of the best preserved Greek ruins, architecture and monuments, such as the Temple of Poseidon (Neptune), the Basilica dating from the 6th Century, which was really a temple dedicated to the main goddess of Paestum. In the museum you can admire the Tomb of the Diver, a magnificent example of Greek painting, representing a funeral banquet.
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